Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in south-central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia along the Alps. To the south it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia-the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea-and many other smaller islands. The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclaves within Italy, whilst Campione d'Italia is an Italian exclave in Switzerland. The territory of Italy covers some 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With 60.6 million inhabitants, it is the fifth most populous country in Europe, and the 23rd most populous in the world.

Modern Italy is a democratic republic. It has been ranked the world's twenty-third most-developed country and its quality-of-life index has been ranked in the top ten in the world. Italy enjoys a very high standard of living, and has a high nominal GDP per capita. It is a founding member of what is now the European Union and part of the Eurozone. Italy is also a member of the G8, G20 and NATO. It has the world's seventh-largest nominal GDP, tenth highest GDP (PPP) and the sixth highest government budget in the world. It is also a member state of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, the Council of Europe, the Western European Union and the United Nations. Italy has the world's ninth-largest defence budget and shares NATO's nuclear weapons.

Italy plays a prominent role in European and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs. The country's European political, social and economic influence make it a major regional power. The country has a high public education level and is a highly globalised nation.

From WIKIPEDIA the free encyclopedia


Market Size
Capital Rome
Area 301338 Km2
Population 60600000 
GDP 1192.5 Billions €
Consumption 326.2 TWh
Peak load 56.425 GW


Terna is a major energy transmission grid operator, headed by Flavio Cattaneo, Chief Executive Officer and chaired by Luigi Roth, Chairman. With over 63,000 km of lines, Terna is the owner of the National High Voltage Electricity Transmission Grid, the first in Europe among independent grid operators and the seventh in the world. The company is responsible for energy transmission and dispatching (*) throughout the entire national territory and therefore for the safe management of energy flows in Italy, guaranteeing the balance between electricity supply and demand, 365 days a year and 24 hours a day. Terna is an outstanding Italian company with 3500 employees that are daily involved in planning the electricity grid's development and maintenance, matching know-how and technology in order to improve its efficiency.